Top 10 Tips for Economical DrivingPosted on: 19 April 2011 by Rhian Mainwaring
Our friends at Ford give their advice on keeping the costs down this spring
With temperatures rising these motoring suggestions should keep your costs down, so if you’re taking to the motorway over the approaching bank holiday weekends then keep these top tips in mind. With fuel prices hitting the nation hard it’s well worth reminding yourself of the most economical ways to drive…
Low revs and right gear
Engines operate most efficiently below 3,000 revs per minute. The optimum point for changing gears is at around 2,500rpm in a petrol car and 2,000rpm in a diesel.
Read the road. Anticipating road hazards ahead can help you to be lighter on the brakes. This helps to keep a more constant speed. Avoid unnecessary accelerating and braking.
The more weight you carry, the harder the engine has to work and the more fuel it uses. It’s a good idea to check the luggage area and get rid of any unnecessary junk.
If you’re not using it, take it off! Racks and roof boxes increase wind resistance and can make your engine work harder.
Keep tyres properly inflated to the recommended tyre pressure. This alone can reduce the average amount of fuel use by 3-4 per cent. Under-inflated tyres increase rolling resistance and reduce fuel economy. They also wear more rapidly. Check the vehicle’s door-post sticker for minimum cold tyre inflation pressure.
Today’s engines don’t need a warm up. Start the car immediately and gently drive away. Don’t leave your car idling. Prolonged idling increases emissions and wastes fuel.
Air conditioning and other devices
Use the air condition system and other energy consuming devices like the heated windscreen only when you need to. Remember though, opening windows increases wind resistance and fuel consumption too.
Avoid darting in and out of traffic, and accelerating hard. It uses more fuel and speeds up component wear.
Choose the right oil
Use good quality oils with the viscosity grade and quality recommended in the owner guide.
Be kind to your vehicle. Maintain proper engine tune-up to keep vehicles running efficiently. Keep the wheels aligned. Wheels that are fighting each other waste fuel. Replace air filters as recommended. Use a fuel with good detergent additives to keep the vehicle engine clean and performing efficiently. Always consult the Owner's Manual for proper maintenance.
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