"Behavioral" model of family instruction
Posted on: 08 February 2016 by Anna Huse
The roots of this trend go in behaviorist psychology (G.Wotson, B.F. Skinner). The main emphasis of the model is on the technique of behavior and discipline of the child.
Experimental study of the emergence of new forms of behavior in a "living piece of meat that can give a small number of simple reactions," allowed G.Wotson and other behaviorists to conclude that the human psyche has at least innate components. Its development depends largely on the social environment and conditions of life, i.e. the incentives provided by environment. An environment was seen as the immediate environment of the child, environment, made up of real-life situations, which in turn consist of a set of different incentives and can be decomposed into a chain of incentives. External environmental influences determine the content of the child's behavior and the nature of the development. Hence, the main thing is a special organization of the child's environment.
Watson stresses the need for a scientific approach to education: "Humanity could be undoubtedly improved significantly, if we could suspend the birth of children for twenty years (except for children brought up with experimental purposes) and to devote the years to intense study of the laws of development of children. Then, based on the acquired knowledge, they can start new training, more scientific and more advanced.
The central problem of the concepts of social learning that have arisen on the basis of classical behaviorism is socialization. It is a process of transformation initially asocial humanoid creatures in a full member of the human society as a progression from biological to social status. The problem of new social behavior is the main issue. How to be socializated? How to make transmission of behaviors, norms, motives, values, emotional reactions? The main answer - it is the result of learning.
Radical representative of behaviorism Skinner recognized two basic types of behavior. Thus, according to Skinner, the free individual does not exist. The behavior of the individual is under the control of the social environment. His method of successive approximations, or form, is based on the reinforcement of behavior, when it becomes similar to a desired (token reward system). www.essaywritinghelper.org
R. Cyr used psychoanalytic concepts (repression, regression, projection, identification) and the principles of learning theory to analyze the influence of parents on child development. He considered the formation of psychological dependence of the baby from the mother's interaction. Mother and father act as basic intermediaries.