Neurological Disorders in Children

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Posted on: 19 December 2018 by jenn black

Causes of Neurological Disorders in Children

Children with a dysfunction in virtually any area of the brain have problems with a neurological disorder. Such dysfunctions business lead to developmental problems. The symptoms may be physical as well as psychological. The following discussion talks about various disorders and the effects of neurological disorders in children.
 
Neurological Disorders Causes
Neurological disorders in children occur credited to the following reasons.
 
Genetic Disorders
In many cases, parents pass down such disorders to their children through their genes. Alternatively, gene mutations might occur during fetal development. They are able to also have an impact on the development of the brain and the nervous system.
 
Neurotoxins
Neurotoxins are harmful chemicals which have an effect on fetal brain development during pregnancy. These contaminants include alcohol, business lead, mercury and certain food additives. In the meantime, they are passed down to the fetus through the placenta. Because of this, the newborn infants have intellectual or behavioral issues.
 
Hypoxia
This is a problem which causes injury to the brain due to low oxygen supply. It may take place during fetal development in pregnancy. Furthermore,the complications at delivery may also lead to this disorder. As a result, the influenced child may show intellectual problems. Also they have problems with other common neurological disorders, for example, epilepsy.
 
Postnatal Infections
Some neurological disorders in children develop anticipated to postnatal infections. The most common of these microbe infections are encephalitis and meningitis - pathogenic illness.
 
Here, encephalitis is the swelling of brain whereas meningitis is a pathogenic disease. As a result, the affected children suffer from various symptoms. They include storage area issues, conversation impairments, behavioral problems and other associated issues.
 
Injury
Any traumatic problems for the brain or spinal-cord can be in charge of neurological disorders in children. The severe nature of the disorders will depend on the personal injury and the influenced area of the brain.
 
Most Common Neurological Disorders in Children
Below are a few of the most commonly occurring neurological disorders in children. The conversation also provides simple information about the complexities and effects. At exactly the same time, you will come across neurological disorders symptoms.
 
Fetal Alcohol Syndrome
This disorder is caused whenever a woman consumes alcohol during pregnancy. The alcohol passes to the fetus and deprives it of nutrition and oxygen. Because of this, the alcohol damage several organs. In cases like this of damage to the brain, the next symptoms occur.
 
  • Hyperactivity
  • Difficulty maintaining focus
  • Poor judgmentIntellectual impairment
  • Delayed development related to conversation, movement and social skills
  • Learning disability
 
ADHD
Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder is a very common behavioral disorder. It commences in childhood and could be carried on to one’s adulthood. Precisely, doctors also call it hyperactivity disorder.
 
This is because the children with this problem screen a restless or hyperactive behavior. The normal cause of this problem is hereditary. It may also be anticipated to other factors which destruction brain development.
 
They include neurotoxins, exposure to pesticides, exposure to tobacco smoke and brain injury. Below are the most typical symptoms that the kids experiencing ADHD exhibit.
 
  • Restless behavior or fidgeting
  • Being overly talkative
  • Inability to focus for long on one task
  • Being generally inattentive
Epilepsy
This problem involves seizures. It impacts different aspects of the child’s life including sociable action and learning capabilities. However, the medical scientists have observedthat 70 percent of the kids with epilepsy get over the condition as they grow older.
 
Other than seizures, the most frequent symptoms of the condition are described below.
 
  • Displaying sudden unresponsiveness for a couple of seconds
  • Being alert soon after a seizure
  • Not remembering a seizure episode
  • Having someone to several seizures in a single day
 
Cerebral Palsy
The most common indication of cerebral palsy is a delayed development. That is when babies cannot be seated, crawl and walk. Also they are unable to mix other developmental milestones at the right time. 
Other symptoms of the problem are here:
  • Floppy muscle tone
  • Muscle spasms
  • Poor reflexes
  • Difficulty swallowing
  • Not walking by age twelve months to eighteen months
  • Unable to create sentences by age two years
 
Rare Neurological Disorders in Children
Here are some rarely occurring neurological conditions which affect children.
 
Schindler Disease
It really is a genetically inherited disease. When it occurs in infancy, you refer to it asType II Schindler disease. Notably, children with this condition fail to survive beyond age 3 to 4 years.
 
The common medical indications include mental retardation, seizures as well as blindness in severe cases.
 
Syringomyelia
This problem occurs because of the formation of any cyst in the spinal cord. It could be due to several reasons, for example, a delivery defect, injury or poor brain development. The common symptoms include weakness, pain, frequent problems and poor bladder control.
 
Carnosinemia
That is a metabolic disorder which contributes to developmental delays. It involves the symptoms such as seizures, involuntary actions of the limbs. On the other hand, standard mental retardation is also one of the symptoms.
 
Meige’s Syndrome
This neurological condition influences the muscle performance. The normal symptoms include muscle contractions, repetitive blinking and tongue protrusion.
 
To get more information about neurological disorders in infants visit Virinchi Hospital
 

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