What is atherosclerosis?
Posted on: 17 December 2018 by lili yu
Overall Information About Atherosclerosis
Atherosclerosis is a narrowing of the arteries caused by a buildup of plaque. It’s also known as arteriosclerosis or hardening of the arteries. Arteries are the arteries that carry air and nutrition from your heart to the rest of the body.
As you grow older, body fat and cholesterol can accumulate in your arteries and form plaque. The accumulation of plaque makes it difficult for bloodstream to circulation through your arteries. This accumulation may occur in virtually any artery within you and can lead to a lack of bloodstream and oxygen in various tissues of your body. Bits of plaque can also rest off, creating a blood clot. Atherosclerosis can lead to heart attack, heart stroke, or heart inability if kept untreated.
Atherosclerosis is a fairly common problem associated with aging. This problem can be prevented, and many successful treatment options exist.
Arteriosclerosis may appear when arteries grow thick and stiff and restrict blood flow to organs and tissues in the body. This continuous process, also called hardening of the arteries, weakens arteries and can form in various organs, most commonly the heart.nArteries circulate bloodstream throughout your body, however when plaque - fats, cholesterol and other cellular misuse - build-up on artery walls, arteriosclerosis can develop.
Arteriosclerosis can form into atherosclerosis. This problem can cause cardiovascular disease, strokes, blood flow problems in the arms and legs, aneurysms that can cause life-threatening inside bleeding and long-term kidney disease.
Baptist Health is well known for advanced, superior look after patients with cardiovascular disease and the diagnosis, management and treatment of arteriosclerosis. In addition, we live accredited by the North american Heart Association as a Objective: Lifeline STEMI Acquiring facility, this means we are notable for providing the highest degree of treatment for coronary attack patients.
You might appreciate timely appointments and a professional, friendly atmosphere where we remember to pay attention to your concerns. At Baptist Health, you get access to the region’s most complete, multidisciplinary team of specialists and innovative therapies, including many available only through special clinical trials. Atlanta divorce attorneys way, we work to show the most in excellent care to the people who trust us using their health.
Signs and Symptoms
Even while artery walls gradually thicken and stiffen, there tend to be no arteriosclerosis symptoms. Even while the condition worsens into atherosclerosis, mild circumstances may still show no symptoms. That’s why regular checkups are essential. As arteriosclerosis progresses, clogged arteries can cause a heart attack or stroke, with the following symptoms:
- Breasts pain or pressure (angina)
- Sudden arm or leg weakness or numbness
- Slurred speech or difficulty speaking
- Brief lack of vision in a single eye
- Drooping facial muscles
- Pain when walking
- High blood pressure
- Kidney failure
Early diagnosis is critical for managing arteriosclerosis. To diagnose the problem, we ask questions about your health background and execute a physical exam. During the physical exam, a medical doctor can use a stethoscope to hear your arteries for an abnormal whooshing audio called a bruit (broo-E). A bruit may indicate poor blood circulation anticipated to plaque accumulation.
We then use advanced diagnostic strategies and technology to effectively diagnose, inform treatment and carefully screen the condition. Common diagnostic methods range from:
Ankle brachial index test: During this test, blood pressure cuffs are positioned on the forearms and ankles. A handheld ultrasound device or Doppler is utilized to hear the blood flow and gauge the bloodstream pressure. This can help doctors understand when there is lowered blood circulation to the low legs and foot.
Blood test: Bloodstream assessments check the levels of certain fatty acids, cholesterol, sweets and health proteins in the bloodstream which could indicate heart conditions.
CT scan: X-rays and computer systems are used to make images of the aorta, center and arteries. This provides a more specific picture than an ultrasound.
Electrocardiogram (EKG): This test methods the electrical activity of the center and can help see whether parts of the center are enlarged, overworked or damaged. The heart’s electrical currents are diagnosed by 12 to 15 electrodes that are mounted on the arms, hip and legs and chest via sticky tape.
Stress screening: This test is conducted during exercise. In case a person can't exercise, drugs is directed at increase heart rate. Used along with an EKG, the test can show changes to the heart’s rate, rhythm or electric powered activity as well as blood circulation pressure. Exercise makes the heart work hard and beat fast while center tests are implemented.
Ultrasound: An ultrasound device can measure blood circulation pressure on various items of your arm or knee, which can only help the medical professional see whether you have any blockages and exactly how quickly blood moves through your arteries.
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